The high-rise building is obviously made of concrete, so why does the whole building burn after a fire? foaming agents

First, concrete takes in and transfers warm more easily than dissipates heat easily. When a fire happens, it has the result of supporting burning, which amounts including fuel to the fire. The more it burns, the bigger it gets. Concrete may seem attractive and solid, yet actually, it could be much better than adobe homes. There is no thermal insulation and warm dissipation effect like adobe bricks.

(burning concrete building)

On the various other hand, I just scraped the surface. If the steel-concrete framework of a skyscraper is white, there will certainly not be a great deal of smoke and fire if it sheds. It is primarily made of interior decoration materials, primarily organic products, oil, or plastic materials., as soon as sparked, the fire will certainly come to be tough and produce a big amount of black smoke.

Second, fires in skyscrapers can melt concrete and steel bars. Oxygen sustains burning. On top of that, the temperature level generated by the supporting combustion of various other combustible things in the building is really high. Besides, it is not a fire in a country home. In the 911 occurrence, one structure was ruined by an airplane. After the crash, it did not collapse at the time. Later on, the fire caused by the impact burned and melted the text of enhanced concrete and finally fell down.

(burning concrete building)

On the other hand, indoor decor products, home devices and furniture are primarily combustible. If one flooring burns for a long time, the temperature will certainly penetrate the flooring and fire up the top and reduced floorings. The flooring is high and gusty, with good air flow and high oxygen content. The high-temperature warmth circulation will develop a smog. Power, the fire has to be extremely fierce.

Third, the foam plastic used for outside wall surface insulation is the offender. Foam plastics are generally made use of in Europe and the USA, so a team of specialists introduced this technology. Yet they obviously ought to have taken into account that a lot of foreign buildings are two- or three-story household structures, and fire protection requirements are reduced. As soon as a fire breaks out in the building, it will create major consequences. Two- and three-story buildings are not mainstream in China, and also in rural areas, there are very few of them. To introduce innovation, we should take into consideration the present situation of residential building and construction. Otherwise, we will be learning in Handan.

(burning concrete building)

Fourth, the emphasis is not on room furniture and timber products however on the fact that paint is used in all constructing designs, such as wall surface paint. Even high-end wall coverings are fabrics. Paint or fabrics are inherently flammable items. On top of that, lots of various other decor products have numerous colors. The colors are likewise made from different types of paint. Once they come across heats, they will melt also if there is no open fire.

On the various other hand, I have seen lots of people stating that the quality of thermal insulation materials is unsatisfactory. In fact, it is not just moisture-retaining products. The nation additionally has equivalent flame resistant criteria for wood used for interior design and furnishings of high-rise buildings, however furniture factories and building products factories will certainly avoid this. Normal consumers don't understand the trouble, so primarily, the wood materials on the marketplace are non-fire resistant materials, whether they are utilized in high-rise buildings or otherwise.

(burning concrete building)

Fifth, tips from firemens to prevent troubles before they take place: Each flooring must be equipped with a fire hydrant. If the location is large, you can also equip numerous. If a fire happens, rapidly manage the fire to avoid the fire from spreading to other floors. If it is a residential building, each house must be furnished with a tiny fire hydrant. As soon as a fire takes place in your home, the fire can be quickly controlled within your very own home. Additionally, furnishings, curtain decor, etc, must be made from non-combustible materials. The level of fire defense automation in skyscrapers is reasonably high. The individual in charge of fire protection in high-rise buildings remains in location and responsible, and examinations and drills remain in location. Discharges can be stopped by controlling combustibles, combustion-supporting products and fire resources.

The production procedure of concrete is a vital variable affecting its fire resistance. Amongst them, the control of the water-cement ratio is crucial. Too high or as well low a water-cement proportion might have unfavorable results on the fire resistance of concrete. In addition, the top quality and form of the stones in concrete will also have an influence on its fire resistance. Utilizing hard and regular-shaped stones can boost the fire resistance of concrete.

Concerning the discovery of fire resistance, there are several frequently made use of approaches, such as high-temperature test method, flame test technique, thermogravimetric evaluation approach, and infrared spectroscopy technique. These techniques review the fire resistance of concrete by mimicing high-temperature settings or directly observing the efficiency changes of concrete at high temperatures.

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Cabr-concrete is a supplier of foaming agents and other concrete additives, which is concrete and relative products with over 12 years experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development. It accepts payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union and Paypal. Trunnano will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea. If you are looking for high quality raw materials of foaming agents, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (

The lifespan of cement is only 50 years. Will the house collapse when the time limit is up? Clc additives

What about the 3 Gorges Dam?

From old times to the present, concrete has played an important duty in the human building and construction of houses and significant projects. This synthetic blend made from natural materials such as limestone and clay is commonly made use of as a result of its outstanding mechanical residential properties. Nevertheless, as time passed, a troubling rumor began to circulate among the people. The life span of concrete is just half a century, through which time the building will be falling apart or perhaps collapse. The case sparked public panic and elevated questions regarding the future of world-class projects such as the 3 Gorges Dam. The 3 Gorges Dam, among the largest hydropower stations worldwide, also uses cement for irrigation. It was built utilizing rigorous design requirements and advanced innovation.

Concrete's life-span is just half a century. Will your house be in risk already? What regarding the Three Gorges Dam built with cement?

(concrete construction)

1. The trick of concrete toughness

Every person have to have heard the claiming, "Cement has a lifespan of half a century". Nevertheless, this statement is not completely exact, and the life span of concrete is not figured out below. Truth lifespan of a building is also affected by several factors. The supposed 50-year life of cement comes from the fact that the chemical bonding pressure formed throughout the solidification procedure of concrete is time-limited.

When concrete and concrete are combined, the calcium and silicic acid particles in the concrete dissolve in the water, developing a coarse calcium silicate crystal framework. This structure continues to link to create chemical bonds, locking in moisture and creating the concrete to gradually establish and harden. Eventually, its stamina will also surpass that of some metal materials.

However this strengthening procedure is not infinite. Typically, after half a century approximately, these chemical bonds will progressively age and shed their sticky force, leading to a reduction in cement toughness. But that does not imply that structures will certainly break down right away in half a century. Actually, the major aspects that determine a building's service life depend on architectural style, building quality, material choice, and post-maintenance.

As an example, the famous Sydney Music hall was integrated in the 1960s. Nonetheless, as a result of correct maintenance and excellent layout and building and construction, it is still standing today. On the other hand, if the style is reasonable, the building and construction is surface, and the management is smooth, it will certainly be difficult for the structure to be utilized for a long time, also if the chemical bonding force is still there. It can be seen that cement strength is just one-factor affecting life and is never definitive.

(concrete construction)

The present layout service life of urban housing in China is usually half a century. But this is not determined by cement life. Rather, it is based upon numerous factors to consider such as calamity prevention and reduction, resource recycling, and so on. After half a century doesn't suggest your house needs to be knocked down. As long as it undergoes expert evaluation, reinforcement and repair to make sure that it satisfies the appropriate load-bearing and seismic requirements, it can remain to be used. Also the brand-new service life will certainly surpass the original style life.

As a matter of fact, the life span of modern-day superb buildings usually goes beyond 50 years. For example, the Realm State Building in New york city, constructed in the 1930s, was thoroughly developed, utilizing top quality materials and medically built. The Empire State Building is still standing and has actually been in use for more than 80 years. The vital factors that establish the life of a structure consist of architectural design, building modern technology, building material option, day-to-day upkeep, etc.

Excellent designers will completely think about and anticipate the life span of the structure at the start of the strategy and make use of top quality products. Making use of sophisticated anti-seismic, anti-seepage, energy-saving and various other modern technologies can extend its life span to 100 years and even longer. Although concrete has a specific chemical bonding time frame, it does not imply that the building is "scrapped." As long as it is carefully made and created from the beginning of building and attention is paid to succeeding repair and maintenance. Many contemporary buildings can remain to be used securely for many years after 50 years and remain to offer the city.

(concrete construction)

2. Building and special factors to consider of the 3 Gorges Dam of the Century Task

For large-scale water conservancy jobs, the discussion about the life span of concrete is much more worthwhile of consideration. Take the Three Gorges Dam, the world's most stunning hydropower terminal. It lugs multiple tasks such as flood control, power generation, and shipping and is a vital national tactical task.

Chinese engineers put in countless initiatives throughout the design and building and construction of the Three Gorges Dam. Allow the dam have an ultra-long design life of more than 100 years. As the world's most ambitious hydropower job, the building process of the 3 Gorges Dam has brought in much focus and has actually collected the efforts and wisdom of many Chinese individuals.

From the preliminary idea advanced by Sunlight Yat-sen in the 1920s to the energetic promo by the older generation of revolutionaries, such as Chairman Mao and Premier Zhou, after the starting of New China. After years of repeated presentations and strenuous prep work, the Three Gorges Project finally started construction in the 1990s. As a massive water conservancy task with multiple features. The 3 Gorges Dam shoulders essential responsibilities such as flooding control, power generation, and delivery and is referred to as the century-old imagine the Chinese nation. During the layout and construction process, Chinese engineers abided by the policy of "energetic preparation and complete reliability" and invested plenty of initiatives.

(concrete construction)

On Might 1, 1998, the momentary ship lock of the Three Gorges Job, the first extensive job integrated in the Yangtze River Three Gorges Task, was officially open up to navigating, noting the beginning of this globe design giant. In the adhering to years, the Three Gorges Task conquered world troubles one after one more and remained to set building documents. In 1999, the Three Gorges Task established a globe document for regular monthly and yearly concrete putting volumes. In 2003, the third stage of the RCC cofferdam task once again broke five globe records.

The year 2003 was of terrific relevance to the Three Gorges Job. In this year, the job attained the established objectives of the 2nd phase of power generation, navigation, and water storage. This year, the 3 Gorges Dam successively experienced essential links such as the 2nd closure of the Yangtze River, the acceptance of the second stage of the dam, and the first water impoundment. By the end of that year, the 3 Gorges Project had actually completed most of the earthwork excavation, backfilling, and concrete pouring, and the entire left financial institution dam reached a dam crest altitude of 185 meters. At the same time, the Three Gorges resettlement work is advancing steadily, and the storage tank location has tackled a totally face-lift.

In 2006, the last concrete of the right bank dam was poured in place, and the whole Three Gorges Dam was covered, ten months ahead of schedule. In 2008, the Three Gorges began its very first experimental water storage space. In August 2009, the final acceptance check of the third stage project was efficiently passed, marking that the general task was essentially completed according to the preliminary layout.

(concrete construction)

The excellent 3 Gorges Job not only established several globe records in engineering technology however also developed a brand-new design construction management device - the "Three Gorges Model." Properly managed the project high quality, progress and expense, significantly boosting the monitoring degree. Therefore, the Three Gorges Dam is not constructed exclusively with cement yet with concrete and steel as the primary products. Through clinical and extensive computations, progressed building technology and material option, and stringent quality assurance, the 3 Gorges Dam has been made certain to have an ultra-long style life of 100 years.

At the very same time, the 3 Gorges Dam is additionally furnished with a lot of sophisticated tracking devices to carry out 24-hour dynamic surveillance of the dam body. She has developed a full operation and maintenance strategy. It can be claimed that the Three Gorges Dam has actually done enough research during the construction stage to get rid of numerous possible dangers as much as feasible and lay a strong structure for its future secure procedure. Nonetheless, we can not neglect some uncertain dangers concealed in nature, such as earthquakes, floodings, and other disastrous weather.

Consequently, during the succeeding operation duration of the Three Gorges Dam, a specialist team is still required to continually keep an eye on various technological indicators and formulate emergency strategies in a prompt manner to prevent troubles prior to they happen. Its life expectancy and safety are completely assured as long as we maintain awe of nature and continue preserving it. This water conservancy titan will surely be able to serve future generations for a century and even longer.

3. Environmental variables that can not be neglected are normally the most significant test

You must understand that the Three Gorges Dam is not just created of concrete. Its main product is reinforced concrete. With clinical and extensive computations, progressed building technology and enhanced material ratio. From the get go of its layout, the 3 Gorges Dam had a higher safety reserve factor than comparable tasks.

At the very same time, the Three Gorges is also furnished with a large number of sophisticated tracking devices. Implement 24-hour dynamic surveillance of the dam body. A complete procedure and upkeep strategy has actually been developed to protect its long-lasting risk-free procedure from several elements. Although the Three Gorges Dam was very carefully built, we should recognize the power of nature.

(concrete construction)

Although reinforced concrete is hard, a particular degree of chemical weathering and physical erosion will still happen if it is taken in water for a very long time. As well as all-natural catastrophes such as earthquakes and floods, which may bring uncertain impacts to this large job. Consequently, for a large-scale project like the 3 Gorges, it is necessary to carry out different assessments and avoidances during the building stage.

However in the succeeding procedure and maintenance procedure. It is much more necessary to have a specialist team to constantly check different safety and security indications and develop emergency situation plans in a timely manner to stop troubles prior to they happen. At the very same time, we need to additionally affix terrific significance to the prospective threats that environment change and ecological troubles might bring and effectively reinforce the protection of this century job.

Besides, the 3 Gorges Dam is not only related to the national economic climate and individuals's source of income such as flooding control, power generation, and shipping, however it is also an important milestone in the excellent restoration of the Chinese country. We have to not enable any blunders to damage this dam, which has the effort of plenty of building contractors. Just by paying complete interest to different possible threat aspects and taking prompt and effective reaction steps. Only then can the Three Gorges Dam absolutely withstand the long-term test of nature and remain to serve the country and individuals.


Cabr-concrete is a supplier of foaming agents and other concrete additives, which is concrete and relative products with over 12 years experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development. It accepts payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union and Paypal. Trunnano will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea. If you are looking for high quality Clc additives, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (

Application of foam concrete and animal protein foaming agent foam pods concrete slabs

Applications of foam concrete

As a result of its good qualities, foam concrete is widely made use of in energy-saving wall surface materials and has actually likewise been utilized in other facets. Presently, the main applications of foam concrete in my nation are cast-in-place foam concrete insulation layers for roof coverings, foam concrete face blocks, foam concrete, lightweight wall panels, and foam concrete compensation structures. Nonetheless, making complete use the great features of foam concrete can constantly increase its application locations in building tasks, accelerate job development, and boost job quality, as adheres to:

1. It will change foam plastic and come to be the biggest thermal insulation product in building insulation.

Foam concrete is low-cost and has easily available raw materials. It can be promptly cast in place and made right into numerous products. At the very same time, it has fire resistance, sound insulation, earthquake resistance, and weather resistance. It is the most effective option to change foam plastics. Suitable materials.

2. Foam concrete cast-in-place wall surface

The main part of structure insulation is the exterior wall, and the main part of building sound insulation is the indoor wall. Foam concrete can be utilized for cast-in-place exterior walls to achieve self-insulation and self-absorption. It has benefits in both interior and exterior wall applications.

(foaming concrete)

3. Foam concrete exterior wall insulation board

Foam concrete exterior wall surface insulation board refers to an insulation board chosen the exterior wall surface by pasting or dry-hanging modern technology. Considering that this type of insulation board has actually been successfully made use of in Sichuan, Gansu, Shanghai, Zhejiang, and various other locations, it is ready to replace the foamed polystyrene board for external wall surface insulation slim smudging system or exterior wall surface interior insulation slim plastering system.

4. Foam concrete exterior wall surface self-insulating wall surface panels

This sort of wall surface panel includes foam concrete composite wall panels with a facing layer or protective layer on one side and foam concrete sandwich wall panels with a dealing with layer or safety layer on both sides. This type of wall surface panel can recognize self-insulation of the outside wall. It does not need additional insulation therapy after installment and has excellent fire protection, toughness, and sound insulation buildings.

5. Foam concrete integrated real estate

Integrated housing is an international advancement trend, and foam concrete self-insulating integrated housing is a growth hotspot. Nowadays, many domestic business are concentrating on establishing this type of self-insulated prefabricated houses.


6. Foam concrete obstructs, ceramsite blocks, and autoclaved blocks

Foam cinder block have always been the first crucial product that all events in China are keen on. At present, domestic enterprises have actually transformed to the r & d of ceramsite foam concrete blocks and autoclaved foam concrete obstructs. These two types of foundation are the instructions of development. Most international firms make use of autoclaving. The former Soviet Union utilized the natural healing procedure in the 1930s. As a result of reduced strength, bad frost resistance, and huge drying shrinking, it transformed to the autoclaving process in the 1940s. Ceramsite foam cinder block are a technology in our country with innovative modern technology and need to be strongly developed.

There are greater than 20 features of foam concrete that have been found thus far, and a multitude of its applications are still in civil applications. Among them, one of the most appealing one in the future will be its usage in building noise absorption and insulation. The author predicts that it will become the new sound-absorbing product with the most growth capacity. On top of that, it has wide application leads in the fields of fireproof insulation, filtering, impermeability and waterproofing, and lightweight ornamental products. As the many functions of foam concrete are found, its application as a functional product will be exceptionally distinctive.

The application of pet healthy protein foaming representatives in foam concrete

In the prep work procedure of foam concrete, an animal healthy protein lathering representative is combined with water and cationic surfactant and foamed through a foaming agent equipment or high-speed mixer. These foams are after that injected into a concrete slurry and mixed to prepare a foamed cement slurry. The advantage of this prep work technique is that the cast-in-place concrete it generates is not only light-weight, high-strength, and fire-resistant but likewise does not require autoclaved curing and can be developed by casting in position, which has considerable energy-saving effects.

The application of animal healthy protein lathering agents plays an essential duty in boosting the efficiency of foam concrete. First, it helps increase the volume of concrete and decrease its thickness, therefore accomplishing a light-weight impact. Second of all, the use of foaming agents can enhance the thermal insulation efficiency of concrete and enhance the energy performance of structures. Furthermore, pet protein lathering agents can additionally boost the stamina and longevity of concrete and prolong the service life of buildings.

(animal protein foaming agent)

However, the application of animal protein foaming representatives also calls for focus to some issues. For example, different kinds of pet protein lathering agents might have various results on the efficiency of concrete, so it is necessary to select the ideal frothing agent according to the specific application scenario. On top of that, the amount of foaming agent also needs to be strictly controlled. Too much or inadequate might impact the top quality and performance of the concrete.


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Spherical silica powder for cosmetics

Compared with ordinary angular silica powder, spherical silica powder has higher fluidity and a larger specific surface area so that it can be used in lipstick, powder, foundation cream, and other cosmetics. Its characteristics are:

1. In powdery products such as powder cake, it can improve fluidity and storage stability to prevent caking;

2. The smaller sized average particle size determines its excellent level of smoothness and fluidity;

3. The larger particular surface area makes it have better adsorption properties and can absorb sweat, spices, and nutrients, making cosmetic formulas more economical;

4. The spherical shape of the powder has a good affinity and touch to the skin.

Spherical Silica Powder 

In addition, spherical silica powder is easy to mix with other components of cosmetics, is non-toxic, tasteless, and is white. What is especially valuable is that it has a solid ability to reflect ultraviolet rays and good stability. It does not decompose or discolor after being irradiated by ultraviolet rays and does not interact with other components. It reacts with other elements in the formula and is a good choice for sunscreen cosmetic ingredients.

Characteristics of spherical silica powder for cosmetics:

1. Generally, the silicon content is required to reach 99.9%;

2. The particle size is controllable from 0.2-2μm;

3. The sphericity rate is above 95%;

4. Low radiation (uranium content <0.5ppb)

Spherical Silica Powder 

Spherical Silica Powder Supplier

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We provide Lithium Battery Anode Material, nickel-based superalloy powders such as Inconel 718, Inconel 625, CoCrMo, CoCrW and other cobalt alloy powders, Ti6Al4V and other titanium alloy powders, AlSi10Mg, AlSi7Mg and other aluminium alloy powders, SS316L, H13, 18Ni300 and other ferroalloy powders, stainless steel powder, CuSn10, etc. 3D printing powder. Contact us via message or select the desired items to send us an inquiry.(


Properties and Application of Hafnium Carbide

Hafnium carbide (HfC), is a chemical compound with a distinct character. It has many uses.

1. Hafnium Carbide: Its Properties

Hafnium carburide is a grayish powder that belongs in the metal carbide category. It has high melting points, good hardness and high thermal stability.

Physical property

The hafnium-carbide crystal structure is cubic with a face-centered structure and a lattice coefficient of 0.488nm. It is a hard material with a melting temperature of 3410 degrees Celsius.

Chemical Property

Hafnium carburide is chemically stable, and it is not soluble in water or acid-base solutions. It is not easily affected by high temperatures. This material is stable at high temperatures. Hafnium carburide has a high radiation resistance, and is therefore suitable for use in nuclear reactors and particle acceleraters.

2. Hafnium Carbide Application

Hafnium carbide is used widely in many industries due to its high melting points, high hardness as well as good thermal and chemical properties.

Electronic field

Hafnium carburide is widely used in electronic fields, and it's a key component of electronic glue. Hafnium carburide can be used to increase the adhesion and conductivity in electronic paste. Hafnium can be used to improve the reliability of electronic devices by using it as a sealant.

Catalytic field

Hafnium carburide is an excellent catalyser that can be used to catalyze many chemical reactions. One of the most common uses is in auto exhaust treatment, which reduces harmful gas emissions. Hafnium carburide can be used to produce hydrogen, denitrify nitrogen, and in other fields.

The optical field

Hafnium carbide is transparent, and it can be used for optical fibers and components. It can enhance the durability of optical elements and reduce light losses. Hafnium carbide can be used for key components such as lasers, optoelectronics devices and optical fields.

Ceramic field

Hafnium carbide can be used to improve the density and hardness of ceramic materials. It can be used to produce high-performance materials such as high temperature ceramics and structural Ceramics. Hafnium carbide can be used to grind and coat materials.


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Application Fields of Gallium Nitride

The wide-gap semiconductor material GaN is widely used due to its excellent electrical, optical and physical properties.

1.Semiconductor light

Gallium Nitride is widely used in semiconductor lighting. The high reflectivity, transparency and luminescence of gallium nitride material make it ideal for high-performance, LED lamps. LED lamps offer a higher level of luminous efficiency than fluorescent and incandescent bulbs, as well a longer life span. This makes them suited for use in many fields, including indoor and exterior lighting, displays, automobile lighting and more.

In semiconductor lighting materials such as gallium nitride are used primarily as substrates for the LED chips. LED chips, the main components of LED lighting, are directly responsible for the overall performance. They determine the LED light's luminous efficacy and service life. Gallium Nitride is an excellent substrate material because it has high thermal conductivity. It also has high stability and chemical resistance. It improves the LED chip's luminous stability and efficiency, as well as reducing manufacturing costs.

2.High-temperature electronic devices

Gallium Nitride is also widely used for high-temperature electronics devices. Gallium nitride, which has high electron saturation rates and high breakdown electric fields, can be used for electronic devices that work in high-temperature environments.

Aerospace is a harsh field and it's important to have electronic devices that work reliably in high temperature environments. Gallium nitride as a semiconductor high-temperature material is used to make electronic devices like transistors and field effect transistors for flight control and control of fire systems. Gallium nitride is also used to produce high-temperature devices in the power transmission and distribution field, such as power electronics switches and converters. This improves the efficiency and reliability of equipment.

3.Solar cells

Gallium nitride solar cells also receive a lot attention. High-efficiency solar panels can be produced due to its high transparence and electron saturation rate.

Silicon is the main material in most traditional solar cells. Silicon solar cells are inexpensive to manufacture, but have a narrow bandgap (about 1eV) which limits their efficiency. Gallium-nitride solar cell have a greater energy gap width (around 2.3eV), so they can absorb more sun and have a higher conversion efficiency. The manufacturing cost of gallium-nitride cells is low. They can offer the same photoelectric converter efficiency for a lower price.


Gallium Nitride is also widely used as a detector. They can be used to manufacture high-efficiency detectors like spectral and chemicals sensors.

Gallium Nitride can also be used as a material to make X-ray detectors that are efficient and can be applied in security checks for airports or important buildings. Gallium nitride is also used for environmental monitoring to produce detectors like gas and photochemical sensor, which detect environmental parameters, such air quality, pollutants, and other environmental parameters.

5. Other applications areas

Gallium nitride can be used for many different applications. Gallium nitride is used, for instance, to make microwave and high frequency devices such as high electronic mobility transistors and microwave monolithic Integrated Circuits (MMICs), that are used in fields like radar, communications, and electronic countermeasures. Moreover, gallium nitride It can also be used for the manufacture of high-power lasers and deep ultraviolet optoelectronic instruments.

Applications of Nickel-based Alloy Rod

Nickel alloy rod contains chromium and molybdenum as well as nickel. Nickel-based alloys are more resistant to corrosion and stable at high temperatures than iron-based metals. This makes them popular in many industrial and engineering applications.

Petrochemical Industry

Nickel-based rods are used widely in the petrochemical industries. In petroleum cracking, nickel-based rods are used for reactor manufacturing. They can withstand high pressure and temperature conditions and offer good corrosion resistance. Nickel-based rods can also be used for manufacturing equipment like pipelines and containers during petrochemical processes.

In the petrochemical industries, nickel-based rods are used primarily to manufacture high temperature and high pressure reactors, heat-exchangers, towers. It is essential to select materials with high resistance to corrosion, as well as high temperature stability, when working in environments that have high temperatures, pressures, and corrosive mediums. Nickel-based rods are a material that has excellent properties, and is used to manufacture petrochemical machinery.

Nuclear Industry

The nuclear industry can use nickel-based alloys rods as manufacturing materials. These rods are highly resistant to corrosion and high temperature. The nickel-based rods, with their excellent high-temperature stability and corrosion resistance, can be used as structural materials or shells for nuclear fuel component components.

Nickel-based alloys rods are used primarily in nuclear reactors as materials to manufacture fuel components. These components have to be able work in environments with high temperature, high pressure, and radioactivity. These components must be highly resistant to corrosion and high temperature. These rods are made of nickel-based alloys and have become a preferred material for the manufacture of nuclear fuel elements.

Aerospace field

In aerospace, nickel alloy rods are used primarily for the manufacture of key components in aviation and rocket engine. Nickel-based materials are used in aerospace because of their high-temperature resistance and excellent stability.

Nickel-based alloys rods are used primarily in aviation engines to make turbine discs and blades. They also serve as guide vanes. These components have to be able to withstand high temperatures, pressures and speeds. These components must have high-temperature resistance, corrosion resistance and excellent creep strength. Nickel-based alloys rods possess these properties, and are therefore one of aviation engine manufacture's preferred materials.

Automotive Manufacturing sector

Nickel-based alloys rods can be used in the manufacture of high-performance automobile components. For example, nickel-based rods in the engine block and cylinderhead can increase their corrosion resistance, and improve high-temperature stabilty, improving the overall safety and performance of the vehicle.

Nickel-based rods are used in the automotive industry to make key engine components, such as cylinders, pistons, and motor crankshafts. Materials with high strength and corrosion resistance are needed for these components, which will be working in high-temperature and high-pressure environments. Nickel-based alloys rods possess these properties, and are therefore one of automotive engine manufacturers' preferred materials.

Medical device field

Medical devices can benefit from the biocompatibility of nickel-based alloys and their corrosion resistance. This ensures safety and reliability.

Medical devices is a broad field that includes a variety of medical devices including surgical instruments, implant, diagnostic equipment, rehabilitation materials, etc. Nickel-based rods are the primary raw material used for high-precision, high-quality medical equipment. In surgical instruments, for example, surgical knives and forceps that are made from nickel-based metal rods provide excellent durability and cutting performance. Orthopedic and cardiovascular implants made with nickel-based rods are biocompatible and have excellent mechanical properties. They can treat various orthopedic or cardiovascular diseases.

Other fields

Nickel-based alloys rods can be used for a variety of applications, including construction, power and electronics. Nickel-based rods are used in power transmission and structural support for high-rise building. They can also provide outstanding strength and durability. Nickel-based rods are useful for manufacturing key components in the electronics sector, such as circuit boards and materials to shield electromagnetic fields.


KMPASS is a global supplier and manufacturer of high-quality nanomaterials, chemicals, and other materials. We have over 12 year experience. The company export to many countries, such as USA, Canada, Europe, UAE, South Africa, Tanzania,Kenya,Egypt,Nigeria,Cameroon,Uganda,Turkey,Mexico,Azerbaijan,Belgium,Cyprus,Czech Republic, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Dubai, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia,Germany, France, Italy, Portugal etc. KMPASS, a leading manufacturer of nanotechnology products, dominates the market. Our expert team offers solutions that can help industries improve their efficiency, create value and overcome various challenges. Send an email to if you are interested in Inconel 718 Powder.

What is Lithium stearate powder

Lithium stearate is a crystalline form of lithium.

Lithium stearate has the chemical formula LiSt. It is a white powder that is solid at room temperatures. It is highly lubophilic and forms high light transmission at low concentrations. This compound is very soluble in water, but not at room temperatures. It is soluble readily in organic solvents including acetone and alcohol. Lithium Stearate is stable and thermally safe at high temperatures because it has a melting point and a flash point. The lithium stearate also has good chemical resistance and is resistant to acids and bases, as well as oxidants, reductants and reducing agents. Lithium is less toxic than other metals, but should still be handled with care. An excessive intake of lithium can lead to diarrhoea or vomiting as well as difficulty breathing. Wearing gloves and goggles during operation is recommended because prolonged exposure to lithium can cause eye and skin irritation.

Lithium stearate:

Surfactant: Lithium Stearate Surfactant, lubricant, and other ingredients are used to make personal care products, such as shampoos, soaps, body washes, and cosmetics. It has excellent foaming properties and good hydrolysis stabilty, resulting in a gentle and clean washing experience.

Lithium stearate has an important role to play in polymer syntheses. It can be used both as a donor and a participant in the formation of polymer chains. These polymers have good mechanical and chemical properties, making them ideal for plastics, rubber fibers, etc.

Lithium stearate can be used in cosmetic formulations to soften and moisturize the skin. It enhances moisturization, and makes the skin feel softer and smoother. The antibacterial and antiinflammatory properties of lithium stearate can also help with skin problems.

Paints & Coatings - Lithium stearate can be used to thicken and level paints & coatings. This helps to control the flow, as well as the final properties. It is resistant to weather and scratches, which makes the coating durable.

Applications of lithium stearate include drug carriers, excipients, and stabilizers. It can enhance the taste and solubility and stability of medications.

Lithium stearate has many uses in agriculture, including as a carrier for fertilizer and a plant-protection agent. It increases the efficiency of fertilizers and improves plant disease resistance.

Petrochemical: In the petrochemical sector, lithium stearate may be used as an lubricant or release agent. As a catalyst in petroleum cracking, lithium stearate improves cracking yield and efficiency.

Lithium stearate production method :

Chemical Synthesis:

Lithium stearate can be synthesized through a series a chemical reactions. In order to get the lithium metal reacting with the stearate, they are heated together in an organic solvant. After washing and separating the lithium stearate, it is dried.

Following are the steps for synthesis.

(1) Lithium metal and stearate in organic solvents, such as ethanol heated stirring to fully react.

(2) The reaction solution must be cooled in order to precipitate lithium stearate.

(3) Wash the crystal with water and remove any lithium stearate particles.

(4) The dried crystals will be used to make lithium stearate.

Chemical synthesis is characterized by a matured process, high efficiency in production and high purity of the product. However, organic solvents have an environmental impact and waste is generated during production.

Methode de fermentation biologique

In biological fermentation, microorganisms such as yeast are used in the medium to produce lithium. This method works on the principle that microorganisms produce stearic and react with metal ions, such as lithium ions, to create lithium stearate.

These are the steps that you will need to take in order to produce your product.

(1) The microorganisms will be inoculated onto the medium containing precursors for fermentation culture.

(2) The filtrate is used to produce a solution of stearic acetic acid.

Add metals (such as the lithium ions) into the solution with stearic to ensure that they fully react.

The reaction solution will be separated, washed, and dried.

Environmental protection, less waste disposal, longer production cycles, and higher production conditions are all advantages of biological fermenta-tion.

Prospect Market of Lithium Stearate:

The application of lithium in personal care will continue to be important. As a lubricant and surfactant, it is an essential ingredient in many products, including soaps. As people's standards of living improve and the cosmetics sector continues to expand, lithium stearate demand will gradually rise.

Second, the use of lithium stearate for polymer synthesis has also increased. It can be used both as a donor and a participant in polymer chain formation. As polymer materials science continues to develop, the demand of lithium stearate increases.

Lithium stearate's application in agricultural, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and other fields is also growing. In the pharmaceutical sector, lithium stearate may be used as a carrier, excipient or drug stabilizer. In the agricultural field, lithium stearate is used to transport fertilizer and as a plant protector. In the field of petrochemicals, lithium isostearate may be used as an lubricant or release agent. In these areas, the demand for lithium will increase as technology advances.

But the outlook of the lithium stearate market is not without its own challenges. In order to produce lithium metal, it is necessary to use a more expensive production process. Aside from that, the applications of lithium is limited, with a concentration in agriculture, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals and personal care products. To expand the scope of application and the demand for lithium stearate, it is important to continue to develop new applications and markets.

Lithium stearate powder price :

Many factors influence the price, such as the economic activity, the sentiment of the market and the unexpected event.

You can contact us for a quotation if you're looking for the most recent lithium stearate price.

Lithium stearate powder Supplier :

Technology Co. Ltd. has been a leading global supplier of chemical materials for over 12 years.

The chemical and nanomaterials include silicon powders, nitride particles, graphite particles, zinc sulfide particles, boron grains, 3D printing materials, etc.

Contact us today to receive a quote for our high-quality Lithium Stearate Powder.

Metal Alloy 8.92g/Cm3 High Purity Polished Copper Plate

Copper products exhibit good electrical conductivity as well as thermal conductivity. They are also ductile, resistant to corrosion, and have a high wear resistance. They are widely used by the energy, petrochemical, electricity and electronics industries.

Metal Alloy High Purity Copper Plate, 8.92g/cm3
Brush, hairline, mirrors, oiled, mill, bright.


Interior decoration: ceilings, walls, furniture, cabinets, and elevator decoraction.

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Metal alloy 8.92g/cm3 high purity polished copper plate properties

Alternative Names Copper Plate
CAS Number N/A
Compound Formula It is a good idea to use
Molecular Mass N/A
Appearance N/A
Melting Point N/A
Solubility N/A
Density 8.92g/cm3
Purity 99.95%, 99.99%, 99.995%
Size Customized
Bolding Point N/A
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young's Module N/A
Exact Count N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Health & Safety Information for Metal Alloy 8.92g/cm3 High Purity Polised Copper Plate

Safety Advisory N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Flashing point N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Declarations N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

High Purity Nano Hafnium Hf powder CAS 7440-58-6, 99%

Hafnium Powder is a metal made from hafnium. The most common method to prepare hafnium from sponge hafnium involves hydrogenation and deshydrogenation. Purity>99%
Particle Size : 5-10 Micron

Hafnium Nanopowder:
Hafnium Hafnium on the periodic table : Group 4, Atomic Number d-block 178.486.
Hafnium consists of a malleable, shiny metal. It's resistant to corrosion due to the tough, impenetrable film of oxide that forms on its surface. Hafnium metallicis resistant to acids and bases except hydrofluoric. Hafnium element can be difficult to separate because they have the same atomic sizes.
Hafnium Powder is a dry, light gray metallic powder. The dry powder reacts when it comes into contact with water, producing hydrogen. This is a flammable liquid. The reaction could produce enough heat for hydrogen to ignite.

Hafnium can be found in all zirconium minerals. It is a ductile, brightly glistening metal. It is extremely strong and resistant to corrosion. Zirconium, hafnium, and their chemical properties are almost identical. (Hafnium being twice as dense than zirconium however). It is therefore difficult to distinguish between the two. Hafnium's properties is affected by zirconium.

Hafnium For Sale:
We are an Nano Hafnium HF Powder supplier. Please feel free to contact us at any time for the latest Hafnium Price.

Appearance of hafnium and its description:
It is also known by the name crystalline hafnium. This is a silvery metal crystal that has a metallic shine.
hafnium powder MF: Hf
hafnium powder Molecular weight: 178.49
hafnium powder Density: 13.31 g/cm3
Melting point of hafnium: around 2227
Hafnium powder Boiling points: about 4602

Product characteristics of hafnium:
It is highly anti-corrosive, resistant to acid and alkali erosion, soluble with hydrofluoric to form fluoride complex. Hafnium at high temperature can be combined with oxygen and nitrogen to form nitride. Hafnium powder is easily burned.

How are Nano Hafnium Powder manufactured?
The invention relates a superfine, high purity hafnium and a method for preparing it.
Preparation includes the following:
1..The hafnium dioxide powder and reducing agents powder in a molar ration of 1:1 to 1:2 were mixed evenly, and then packed into a crucible.
2. The crucible should be placed in the reaction vessel, covered and vacuumed, and then filled with argon to wash, heat and reduce, followed by constant temperature reduction.
3. After vacuum, argon is added for cooling under the protection provided by argon.
4 washing: first, pickle the product and then wash it with deionized hydo water. Then, screen, dry, and you will have ultra-fine, high purity hafnium.

Nano Hafnium Use:
Hafnium powder can be used to produce hafnium-alloy materials such as hafnium material for sputtering. It has high heat absorption properties and is exothermic (1 times faster that zirconium, titanium and other alloys), and it can be made in structural materials for jet engines and rockets.

The hafnium refractory is useful for turbojet aircraft blades in freezing point pressure jet engine. Hafnium powder is also used to manufacture valves, high-temperature components and nozzles.

Hafnium rods are used for the majority of nuclear reactor control rods.
Hafnium alloys are used to manufacture iron, tantalum (niobium), and titanium. C103 alloy is used for liquid rocket thruster nodes, like the main engine in the Apollo lunar module. C103 contains 89 per cent niobium and 10 per cent hafnium.

Hafnium, because of its high heat resistance and affinity with oxygen and nitrogen is an excellent scavenger for oxygen and nitrogen. It can be used in both incandescent lights and inflatable lamps. Hafnium, which can release electrons in the air, is also used for plasma cutting.

Storage condition of Hafnium Hf powder:
Hafnium Hf Powder cannot be exposed to the air. The powder should be packed in a vacuum and kept in a dry and cool room. Hf Powder should also not be exposed to stress.

Packaging hafnium:
1) High strength wooden case : bags with double-layer plastic seals, pressurized. 50 kg/wooden cas.
2) If the customer has special packaging requirements we can package the goods accordingly.

Technology Co. Ltd., () is an established global chemical material manufacturer and supplier with over 12 years' experience in the production of high-quality nanomaterials. These include boride powders, nitride particles, graphite particles, sulfide particles, 3D-printing powders, etc.
You can contact us by sending an email. (

Nano Hafnium Hf Powder Properties

Alternative Names hf, hafnium, hafnium, powder price
hafnium powder supplier, hafnium powder msds.
CAS Number 7440-58-6
Compound Formula Hf
Molecular Mass 178.49
Appearance white fine powder
Melting Point 2227
Solubility N/A
Density 13.31 g/cm3
Purity >99%
Particle Size 5-10 Micron
Bolding Point 4602
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young’s Module N/A
Exact Mass N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Nano Hafnium HF Powder Health & Safety Information

Safety Advisory N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Flashing point N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Declarations N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

Metal Alloy 18g/cm3 High Density Tungsten Alloy Ball

W-Ni - Cu alloy is used in the production of Tungsten alloy balls. It is widely utilized in the fields of aviation, oil drilling, and aerospace.

High Density Tungsten Alloy Metal Ball, 18g/cm3
Diameter: 1.0mm-150.0mm
Surface: sintered or forged

Electrical instrumentation and industrial purposes are also widely used.

We have a wide range of tungsten balls in different sizes and grades. Contact us for any of your needs.

Payment & Transport:

Metal Alloy Tungsten Alloy Balls 18g/cm3 High-Density Properties

Alternative Names Tungsten Alloy Ball
CAS Number N/A
Compound Formula W-Ni-Cu
Molecular Mass N/A
Appearance N/A
Melting Point N/A
Solubility N/A
Density 18g/cm3
Purity N/A
Size You can customize the look of your website by using
Bold point N/A
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young Modulus N/A
Exact Mass N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Metal Alloy Tungsten Alloy High Density Ball Health & Safety information

Safety Advisory N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Flashing point N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Declarations N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate

Tungsten alloy heavy plate has low thermal expansion. It is also known for its high density, high thermal conductivity, and radiation absorption. It is used widely in the aerospace and medical industries.

About Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate:
Powder metallurgy produces compact ingots from high purity tungsten. After powder metallurgy, a series further deformations are made and heat treatments are applied until the final products have been produced.

Low thermal expansion and high density, with high thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity. Perfect performance in environments of high radiation exposure.

Used for the manufacture of lathes and dices in the aerospace, medical, and military industries.

We have a wide range of sizes and grades in tungsten-alloy plates. Contact us for any of your needs.

Payment & Transport:

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate Properties

Alternative Names Tungsten Alloy Plate
CAS Number N/A
Compound Formula N/A
Molecular Mass N/A
Appearance N/A
Melting Point N/A
Solubility N/A
Density 18.5g/cm3
Purity 99.95%
Size Avail yourself of our customized services
Bold point N/A
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young's Module N/A
Exact Mass N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate Health & Safety Information

Safety Advisory N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Flashing point N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Declarations N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

Metal Alloy 8.92g/Cm3 High Purity Polished Copper Plate

High Purity Nano Hafnium Hf powder CAS 7440-58-6, 99%

Metal Alloy 18g/cm3 High Density Tungsten Alloy Ball

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate

High Purity Molybdenum Boride MoB2 Powder CAS 12006-99-4, 99%

Metal Alloy High Density Tungsten Alloy Rod Grind Surface Tungsten Alloy Bar

High Purity Germanium Sulfide GeS2 Powder CAS 12025-34-2, 99.99%

High Purity Chromium Diboride CrB2 Powder CAS 12007-16-8, 99%

High Purity Titanium Sulfide TiS2 Powder CAS 2039-13-3, 99.99%

High Purity Calcium Nitride Ca3N2 Powder CAS 12013-82-0, 99.5%

High Purity Nano Ag Silver powder cas 7440-22-4, 99%

High Purity Tungsten Silicide WSi2 Powder CAS 12039-88-2, 99%

High Purity 3D Printing Powder 15-5 Stainless Steel Powder

High Purity Zirconium Nitride ZrN Powder CAS 25658-42-8, 99.5%

Supply Magnesium Granules Mg Granules 99.95%

High Purity Colloidal Silver Nano Silver Solution CAS 7440-22-4

High Purity Silicon Sulfide SiS2 Powder CAS 13759-10-9, 99.99%

High Purity 3D Printing 304 Stainless Steel Powder

Chromium Sulfide Cr2S3 Powder CAS 12018-22-3, 99.99%

High Purity Tungsten Boride WB2 Powder CAS 12007-09-9, 99%

Newsdesignerstudiostore is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years experience in providing super high quality chemicals and Nano materials such as graphite powder, boron powder , zinc sulfide , nitride powder, Calcium nitride, Ca3N2, 3D printing powder, and so on.

And our innovative, high-performance materials are widely used in all aspects of daily life, including but not limited to the automotive, electrical, electronics, information technology, petrochemical, oil, ceramics, paint, metallurgy, solar energy, and catalysis. Our main product list as following:

Metal and alloy powder: boron, nickel, silicon, copper, iron, aluminum. chrome, silver

Boride powder: magnesium boride, aluminum boride, boron nitride, boron carbide, hafnium boride;

Sulfide powder: Molybdenum sulfide, zinc sulfide, bismuth sulfide;

Oxide powder: ITO, ATO, iron oxide, titanium oxide, manganese oxide, copper oxide;about.jpg

Carbide powder: titanium carbide, manganese carbide, titanium carbonitride, hafnium carbide;

Nitride powder: Aluminum nitride, hafnium nitride, magnesium nitride, vanadium nitride;

Silicide powder: hafnium silicide, molybdenum silicide, tantalum silicide;

Hydride powder: Hafnium hydride, vanadium hydride, titanium hydride, zirconium hydride.etc.

Have any questions or needs, please feel free to contact Newsdesignerstudiostore.