Molybdenum disulfide - a future material with unlimited potential

Molybdenum disulfide, a layered crystalline material with unique physical and chemical properties, has recently attracted much attention in materials science. Due to its high glorious conductivity, electron mobility and excellent chemical stability, molybdenum disulfide has broad application potential in multiple fields. This article will deeply explore the characteristics and applications of molybdenum disulfide and look forward to its future development trends.

molybdenum disulfide1

(Molybdenum disulfide)

Basic properties of molybdenum disulfide

1. Structure and properties: Molybdenum disulfide is a layered crystal material. Its structure consists of alternately arranged two-dimensional molybdenum sulfide layers and sulfur atomic layers. This unique layered structure gives molybdenum disulfide high thermal conductivity, electron mobility, and chemical stability.

2. Application advantages: Molybdenum disulfide can remain stable under high temperature and high-pressure environments, which gives it broad application advantages in aerospace, chemical industry, petroleum and other fields. In addition, molybdenum disulfide also has good lubricity and electrical conductivity, allowing its potential to be fully exploited in new energy and semiconductor industries.

Application fields of molybdenum disulfide

1. New energy field: In the new energy field, especially in electric vehicles and renewable energy, molybdenum disulfide plays a vital role in solar cells and lithium batteries. Its introduction can significantly improve the performance and stability of batteries, injecting new impetus into the development of the new energy industry.

2. Semiconductor industry: In the semiconductor industry, molybdenum disulfide's excellent electron transport properties make it widely used in manufacturing more advanced integrated circuits and transistors. At the same time, due to its layered structure and high thermal conductivity, molybdenum disulfide can also be used to manufacture efficient heat dissipation devices and temperature sensors.

3. Aerospace field: Due to its high thermal conductivity and chemical stability, molybdenum disulfide is increasingly used in aerospace. For example, it can manufacture equipment, such as rocket engines and aircraft turbines, in high-temperature environments.

4. Biomedical field: With the continuous advancement of biotechnology, the application of molybdenum disulfide in the biomedical field has gradually been discovered. For example, it can be used to manufacture medical devices such as biological scaffolds and drug carriers, providing new possibilities for the development of the medical field.

molybdenum disulfide2

(Molybdenum disulfide)

Future development trends of molybdenum disulfide

1. Demand growth: With the development of new energy, semiconductors, aerospace and biomedicine, the demand for molybdenum disulfide will continue to increase. In particular, the spread of electric vehicles and renewable energy will further drive demand growth.

2. Promotion of green environmental protection: The increase in global environmental awareness and the growth in demand for clean energy will promote the expansion of molybdenum disulfide in the solar cell market, and its application in the biomedical field will also increase.

3. Technological innovation: Scientific and technological progress and in-depth research on new materials will optimize and improve molybdenum disulfide's production process and technology, reduce costs and promote application market expansion.

4. Industrial chain integration: With the expansion of molybdenum disulfide applications, related industrial chains will be integrated and improved to form a complete industrial chain system, further promoting molybdenum disulfide's widespread application and market development. At the same time, combination or improvement with other materials will produce more new materials with excellent properties, expand the application fields of molybdenum disulfide and provide more possibilities for its development.


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Performance and application of AES fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether sodium sulfate

AES is the abbreviation of anionic fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether sodium sulfate surfactant. It is a modified product obtained by sulfating nonionic fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether (AE) with a sulfating agent and then neutralizing it with an alkaline neutralizing agent. AE and fatty alcohol sodium sulfate (AS) are the three main categories of fatty alcohol products. AES is one of the important varieties. Its molecular structure has oxyethylene groups and sulfated groups and has the properties of both nonionic and anionic surfactants. It has strong wetting, dispersing, emulsifying and detergency capabilities, very good hard water resistance and biodegradability, rich foaming power, little irritation to the skin, gentle use, and a transparent and stable solution. And it is easy to be adjusted by electrolytes (such as NaC1) to increase the viscosity.


Performance of AES

1. Surface activity

AES has strong wetting, emulsifying and detergency capabilities. Its surface tension is low and its critical Jiaodong concentration is small.

According to data, its surface tension and wetting force are affected by the number of moles of ethylene oxide combined and the length of the carbon chain. As the number of added moles of ethylene oxide increases, its surface tension and force also increase sharply. In addition, as the concentration of the liquid increases, its surface tension decreases. However when it reaches the critical Jiaodong, although its concentration increases, its surface tension will no longer decrease. As the number of added molecules of ethylene oxide increases, its wetting power will increase, and vice versa.

2. Resistance to hard water

AES has very good resistance to hard water and is compatible with hard water. It has high stability index for calcium and magnesium ions and has good calcium soap dispersing power.

According to data reports, The carbon chain C12-14 alcohol AES has a dispersion power of (seawater) calcium of 8% in 6300ppm seawater. In 330ppm hard water, its calcium dispersion power is 4%. Calcium ion stability index>10000ppmCaCO3. The stability index of AES calcium ions is very high because its molecules have good tolerance to calcium (magnesium) ions. That is, they can form organic calcium (magnesium) salts with calcium (magnesium) ions, and the calcium (magnesium) they generate ) salt can easily react with hydrophilic groups to form easily soluble calcium (magnesium) salt compounds. Therefore, AES has good water solubility and can be used for low-temperature washing. Tests have shown that the water solubility of C1-14 alcohol AES is superior to that of C14-1 alcohol or 16-18 alcohol AES. The solubility of AES in water increases as the number of moles of condensed ethylene oxide increases.


3. Decontamination power

AES has the hydrophilic group of polyoxyethylene ether and does not dissociate in water, so it has the characteristics of a nonionic surfactant and has good detergency in hard water. The detergency of AES in soft water is slightly lower than that of LAS. Still, in hard water its detergency is higher than other active agents, and its detergency is very stable.

The molar addition number of ethylene oxide and the carbon chain length in AES have a certain impact on the detergency. Generally, products with C4-18 carbon chain have higher detergency, while products with Cu-17 carbon chain are the best. The best addition number of ethylene oxide is in the range of EO=1-3. Because in detergent products, a higher chain number or EO addition number will result in poor water solubility, the addition number of C12-14 alcohol and ethylene oxide is EO= 3 is the most suitable.

4. Foaminess

AES can produce dense and rich foam and has many advantages when used in foam bath products. Foam stability is good in hard water or in the presence of soaps, fragrances, oils, etc. Its foam is more stable than lauryl sulfate in cold water. Commonly used are 2 or 3 mole ethylene oxide condensates of C12 or C1 alcohol, especially 3 mole ethylene oxide condensates that can produce richer foam. AES is used in conjunction with alkanolamide or amine oxide to make the product foam more stable.

washing bubble 

5. Antistatic property

AES has excellent antistatic properties. In the spinning process of woolen and synthetic fibers, excellent antistatic surfactants can be used to reduce the surface electrostatic voltage and specific resistance value of the fiber fabric, thereby improving the smoothness of the fiber, making the fiber body-like, soft to the touch, and improving the spinning quality. Yarn production efficiency. The antistatic properties of AES in woolen and synthetic fibers have been valued and developed.

6. Biodegradability

Experimental results show that AES biodegrades more than 99% without environmental pollution. The main reason why AES is biodegradable well is that after its compounds are discharged into wastewater systems or rivers, they have biodegradation and etherase cleavage effects, causing the ether bonds of their molecules to gradually crack and destroy, changing from long bonds to short chains. Still to the final conversion to produce carbon dioxide and moisture compounds.

7. Liquidity

AES has special fluidity and viscosity. During production, gelling areas often appear between 30% and 60% of the active content. It must be added to warm water at 25 to 40°C when diluting to avoid gelling. AES has extremely unusual fluidity. That is, under the conditions of lower concentration of active substances, the viscosity can be thickened simply by adjusting the electrolyte (such as NaC1). For example, it can thicken the viscosity of highly dilute solutions even with less than 6% active substance to over 5000mpas.


8. Compatibility

AES has the characteristics of both nonionic and anionic surfactants. It can not only be compatible with nonionic, anionic, amphoteric oxazoline and other surfactants. Still, it can also be compounded with quaternary ammonium cations and exert a synergistic effect to improve product removal. dirt and foaming properties. Combining AES with alkyl amides or amine oxides can form a weaker complex 2 and exert a better synergistic effect. The resulting product's detergency, solubility and fluidity can be improved; the foam can be rich and stable, mild to the skin, and less irritating. The electrolyte is compatible with AES, and the viscosity and fluidity can be adjusted under certain dosage conditions.

9. Safety to human body

Data report: The LDso of AES is 1700~5000mg/kg (acute oral administration to white mice), which fully meets the human body and environmental safety requirements and has no other carcinogenic effects.

Applications of AES

AES is mainly used in daily chemical detergents, such as industrial detergents, household detergents, bath detergents, shampoos, tableware detergents and cosmetic emulsifiers, as well as special chemical products for textiles, machinery, petroleum, construction, soap and other industries. It has many uses widely. Details are as follows:

1. Application in washing powder

AES is used to prepare washing powder, which is mainly compounded with surfactants such as LAS and AE. Although there are some or concentrated washing powders, the proportion of alcoholic surfactants such as AE or AES in the ratio has increased yearly. A considerable part of it has replaced the amount of LAS. However, because LAS has better washing and, decontamination and foaming power, is cheap, and is suitable for forming washing powder, AES or other active agents cannot completely replace it simultaneously. AES should be used in combination to make washing powder. General recipe.

In recent years, in addition to the above-mentioned combinations of LAS/AES/AE or LAS/AES/AS, there are also laundry detergents with LAS/AE or LAS/AOS/AES or LAS/AOS combinations. The advantage of using AES to replace LAS is that it not only uses less or no phosphate but also can be similar to nonionic AE, has a lower critical micelle concentration, reduces the total amount of active substances, and has good performance under cold water or low temperature conditions: detergency and very good solubility.


2. Application in liquid detergent

AES is easily soluble in water, can solve the problem of charged dyes, is resistant to hard water without ionization, is chemically stable, has good wetting power, emulsifying and dispersing capabilities; has good oil removal effect; does not irritate the skin. And is especially resistant to hard water. Performance is very suitable for making phosphorus-free, low-phosphorus, or washing various objects, daily necessities, decorations, floors, or fabrics in hard water or at low temperatures. Therefore, the application of making liquid detergents has become more common in the past decade. Its single active substance is formulated into a liquid detergent, which can be used to clean light dirt or general dirt and greasy items with good results. When washing heavy-duty items, it is often combined with nonionic active agents such as AE or other anionic active agents such as LAS, AS, or AOS.

In recent years, general cleaning agents, in order to reduce product costs and sales prices, still use LAS surfactants as the main ingredient and are used in products such as detergents or dishwashing detergents. Its basic formula mainly has three basic forms such as:

① LAS+AES+6501

② AES+AS+6501

③ AESAEO-96501

Then add some necessary thickeners or other additives and mix with water.

3. Application in shampoo

In the past, most shampoos used fatty alcohol sulfate (AS) as the main component because it has a strong degreasing effect, is irritating to the skin and eyes, and has poor resistance to hard water. In recent years, many shampoos have replaced AS with AES or used in combination with it. However, transparent shampoos still use AES as the main ingredient with other additives such as stabilizers, hair conditioners, hair growth agents, nutrients, preservatives or thickeners, fragrances, pigments, etc. AES is used with shampoo. In addition to its excellent foaming properties (especially foam stability in hard water), it is not affected by changes in pH value. It has good solubility and excellent quality. It has non-irritating properties, is gentle, does not harm the scalp and hair, and is antistatic and easy to comb. When used with shampoo, in order to improve stability, additives such as coconut oil diethanolamine (i.e., lauric acid diethanolamine) or amine oxide are often added to the formula.


4. Application in bath detergents

Bath detergent is a bath cleaner. It has rich foaming properties, gentle decontamination, and cleanses the skin or hair, but is non-irritating and does not harm the skin and hair. Skin is left soft and smooth after washing. Because AES has the above-mentioned various active functions, especially in hard water, it has rich foam. Additives such as amine oxide or alkyl alcohol amide or other flexibility-increasing surfactants such as lgepon T (lgepon T), acyl group, etc., are added to the formula. Sarcoammonium salts, betaine surfactants, etc., will achieve excellent bathing effects.

5. Application in cosmetics

AES is mainly used as an emulsifier in cosmetics. It is based on AES, adds alkyl alcoholamide, lanolin, paraffin and preservatives and adds water to make an oil-in-water transparent cold cream. The paste is delicate and beautiful, easy to wash off with water, and does not stain clothes.

6. Application in machinery industry

Nonionic surfactants such as AES and AEO-9 or appropriate rust inhibitors and rust removers. It can be used to make cleaning machinery and equipment, lathes, and machine parts instead of gasoline. It has strong oil stain resistance, does not pollute the environment, is non-toxic to the human body, non-irritating to the skin, is not easy to catch fire, is safe to use, and can save energy and reduce costs. Features. To further improve the washing efficiency of a large number of machine parts, inorganic salts such as soda ash, sodium tripolyphosphate and water glass can be appropriately added.


7. Application in soap industry

Soap is the oldest and safest surfactant. It has a good washing effect in soft water. However, the disadvantage is that it has a poor washing effect in hard water and low-temperature water, and it is easy to produce dirt circles around the basin. In order to solve this problem, various countries are seeking to use some surfactants with calcium soap dispersing power in combination with soap. Many surfactants can be used as calcium soap dispersants after research, but AES is currently a better type among them. Due to its rapid product development in the past ten years, its output and price are relatively suitable, and its calcium soap dispersing power is relatively good. It can easily meet the requirments of the soap industry for calcium soap dispersants.

8. Application in the textile industry

AES calcium soap has strong dispersion, hard water resistance and good antistatic properties. It can be used for cleaning wool spinning, synthetic fibers and other textiles. It has a good effect on removing grease in fibers and unsaponifiable matter inside wool grease. AES is widely used as a cleaning agent for woolen fibers. It is often used in conjunction with other nonionic surfactants such as AEO-9, alkyl alcohol amides and OP-10 (alkylphenol polyoxyethylene ether). AES can also be used as an antistatic agent, emulsifier and leveling agent in the wool spinning process17. It can also be used as a spinning oil for wool and synthetic fibers.

9. Application in the construction industry

AES has good foaming performance and good calcium soap dispersion ability. It can be used in the construction industry to make foam ash rubber boards, concrete foam wall panels, foam gypsum boards and other raw materials. AES is also commonly used in emulsion polymerizing vinyl resins and elastomers.

10. Application in the petroleum industry

Used as a drilling mud dispersant in the petroleum industry to improve production efficiency. It can also be used as a mud dispersant in other drilling operations.


11. Application in other aspects

Suppose AES is used as a solvent with compounds such as butyl glycol or butyl diethylene glycol. In that case, it can be made into a high-expansion fire-extinguishing concentrate, improving foam stability and reducing the drainage rate. It is a good fire-fighting material. AES can also be used as a foaming agent in a variety of foaming products, such as toothpaste foaming agents, latex foaming agents, resin foaming agents, etc.


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building materials industry indispensable good material

Amazing! The best building material for the industry.

Cement foam board is widely used. Its superior performance can be seen in:

Achieving good fire insulation performance

Cement foam The board is classified as a non-combustible, inorganic thermal insulating material of class A. It can maintain its integrity even at high temperatures and improve the fire performance. Closed porosity is more than 95%. It has excellent thermal insulation properties.

Sound insulation with excellent performance

Cement foam board can have a sound insulation coefficient of more than 45 decibels due to its porous bubbles.

Lightweight seismic capacity

Cement foam board can resist a magnitude 9 earthquake by welding steel structure. Its density is about 250kg/cubic-meter.

Construction is efficient and convenient

Cement Foam Boards can be easily constructed, they require little time to construct and do not need extra materials like sand or cement. They are also easy to stack and use less space. Cement Foam Board can be constructed in 60 minutes by three people, compared to the traditional block walls.

Strengthens the bonding and compression forces

The national testing agency has verified that the addition of special fibre increases the compressive force of the cement board. Its bending load can exceed 1.5 times its weight, its compressive power can be greater than 5MPa (3.5MPa for the national standards), and its hanging strength can be higher than 1,500N (1,000N for the national standards).

Environment protection, energy savings and non-toxic and safe

Cement fly ash is used to make cement foam. It won't melt at high temperatures, and it doesn't emit any toxic gases. It's a material that is both environmentally friendly and safe. Cement foam board is not recyclable, and this fact has been recognized by the national industrialization policy.

Cement Foam Board is used widely in industrial plants with large spans, warehouses and large machine garages. It's also used to build large-scale utilities and mobile homes. The problems associated with foam insulation before have been overcome by cement foam board. These include poor thermal insulation properties, high thermal conduction, and cracking.

Which is the best way to backfill a bathroom

The backfilling of the bathroom is a crucial part of any renovation. Backfilling is an essential part of bathroom renovations. It is used to stop leakage and improve the thermal insulation. In selecting bathroom materials, you should consider a number of factors depending on your specific situation. For example, take into account the performance and cost of backfill material as well the environmental impact.

There are five types of backfills available on the market: slags in general, carbon-slags backfills (also known as slags with carbon), ceramics backfills for overheads and foam cements backfills. The different types of backfills are confusing.

Backfilling with slag can be cheaper, but because it is heavy and can cause the slab to crack easily, this could lead to leakage of water.

It is cheaper to use overhead backfill because you don't need as much material.

Since a few decades, foam cement backfilling has been popular. But does it come with any disadvantages?

For your information, here are five bathroom backfill materials with their advantages and disadvantages and some selection advice:

Building debris backfill


The advantages of slag backfill are its lower cost, ease of construction and certain thermal insulation properties.


Backfilling with construction waste will damage the waterproof layer and the pipeline due to its sharp edges.


Has been eliminated. This is not a method that should be used. It will cost too much for the family to backfill with construction debris. To protect the waterproofing of the ground, first use fine sand, then red bricks, to protect the pipeline. The backfill should be compacted in layers. Finally, mud-mortar to level the surface will provide good secondary drainage.

Carbon Dregs Backfill


Carbon slag as a backfill has many advantages, including its low cost, ease of construction, lightweight structure, good moisture absorption, and excellent moisture control.


The disadvantages of carbon dregs are that they are not stable, easily deformable, easy falling off, and relatively fragile. They also absorb moisture in the air, increasing the pressure on the slab.


In recent years, carbon slag has rarely been chosen as a backfill in bathrooms due to its negatives.

Ceramic Backfill


Ceramic backfill has many benefits, such as being lightweight, strong, corrosion resistant, and having a long life.


Before pouring in the ceramic, use lightweight bricks for layered partition. Divide the bathroom into several squares. Fill the squares with the ceramic, then place a reinforcing mesh with a diameter around one centimetre. Finally, level with cement mortar.

Suggestion: Look at your family's budget and take it into consideration.

Overhead Backfill


Backfilling with overhead backfill has many advantages, including its simplicity, stability, inability to deform and easy fall-off.


The labour costs are higher for backfilling than other methods. The sound of running water is louder when the bottom drain is located overhead.

It is important to carefully consider whether the disadvantages of the situation outweigh any advantages.

Foamed Cement Backfill


Foamed cement is an increasingly popular backfill. It is also safe and eco-friendly. The raw material for cement foaming agents, plant-based fat acid, is both safe and environmentally friendly.

Benefits include good heat conservation, light weight, high strength and corrosion resistance. The backfilling process is greatly accelerated and reduced in cost, as it can be filled seamlessly and with very little effort.

Foamed cement can be mixed with cement and used to fix the pipe. If not, the pipe will easily float.


It is best to find a builder that has worked with foam cement or look up construction tutorials.


The majority of people backfill their bathrooms with foamed-cement. Its advantages are still quite obvious.

The five types of backfill for bathrooms all have advantages and disadvantages. In order to choose the best material for your bathroom backfill, you should consider many factors. You must always consider the environmental aspect when choosing bathroom backfill materials to ensure the decor of the bathroom is safe and sustainable.

Properties and Application of Hafnium Carbide

Hafnium carbide (HfC), is a chemical compound with a distinct character. It has many uses.

1. Hafnium Carbide: Its Properties

Hafnium carburide is a grayish powder that belongs in the metal carbide category. It has high melting points, good hardness and high thermal stability.

Physical property

The hafnium-carbide crystal structure is cubic with a face-centered structure and a lattice coefficient of 0.488nm. It is a hard material with a melting temperature of 3410 degrees Celsius.

Chemical Property

Hafnium carburide is chemically stable, and it is not soluble in water or acid-base solutions. It is not easily affected by high temperatures. This material is stable at high temperatures. Hafnium carburide has a high radiation resistance, and is therefore suitable for use in nuclear reactors and particle acceleraters.

2. Hafnium Carbide Application

Hafnium carbide is used widely in many industries due to its high melting points, high hardness as well as good thermal and chemical properties.

Electronic field

Hafnium carburide is widely used in electronic fields, and it's a key component of electronic glue. Hafnium carburide can be used to increase the adhesion and conductivity in electronic paste. Hafnium can be used to improve the reliability of electronic devices by using it as a sealant.

Catalytic field

Hafnium carburide is an excellent catalyser that can be used to catalyze many chemical reactions. One of the most common uses is in auto exhaust treatment, which reduces harmful gas emissions. Hafnium carburide can be used to produce hydrogen, denitrify nitrogen, and in other fields.

The optical field

Hafnium carbide is transparent, and it can be used for optical fibers and components. It can enhance the durability of optical elements and reduce light losses. Hafnium carbide can be used for key components such as lasers, optoelectronics devices and optical fields.

Ceramic field

Hafnium carbide can be used to improve the density and hardness of ceramic materials. It can be used to produce high-performance materials such as high temperature ceramics and structural Ceramics. Hafnium carbide can be used to grind and coat materials.


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Application Fields of Gallium Nitride

The wide-gap semiconductor material GaN is widely used due to its excellent electrical, optical and physical properties.

1.Semiconductor light

Gallium Nitride is widely used in semiconductor lighting. The high reflectivity, transparency and luminescence of gallium nitride material make it ideal for high-performance, LED lamps. LED lamps offer a higher level of luminous efficiency than fluorescent and incandescent bulbs, as well a longer life span. This makes them suited for use in many fields, including indoor and exterior lighting, displays, automobile lighting and more.

In semiconductor lighting materials such as gallium nitride are used primarily as substrates for the LED chips. LED chips, the main components of LED lighting, are directly responsible for the overall performance. They determine the LED light's luminous efficacy and service life. Gallium Nitride is an excellent substrate material because it has high thermal conductivity. It also has high stability and chemical resistance. It improves the LED chip's luminous stability and efficiency, as well as reducing manufacturing costs.

2.High-temperature electronic devices

Gallium Nitride is also widely used for high-temperature electronics devices. Gallium nitride, which has high electron saturation rates and high breakdown electric fields, can be used for electronic devices that work in high-temperature environments.

Aerospace is a harsh field and it's important to have electronic devices that work reliably in high temperature environments. Gallium nitride as a semiconductor high-temperature material is used to make electronic devices like transistors and field effect transistors for flight control and control of fire systems. Gallium nitride is also used to produce high-temperature devices in the power transmission and distribution field, such as power electronics switches and converters. This improves the efficiency and reliability of equipment.

3.Solar cells

Gallium nitride solar cells also receive a lot attention. High-efficiency solar panels can be produced due to its high transparence and electron saturation rate.

Silicon is the main material in most traditional solar cells. Silicon solar cells are inexpensive to manufacture, but have a narrow bandgap (about 1eV) which limits their efficiency. Gallium-nitride solar cell have a greater energy gap width (around 2.3eV), so they can absorb more sun and have a higher conversion efficiency. The manufacturing cost of gallium-nitride cells is low. They can offer the same photoelectric converter efficiency for a lower price.


Gallium Nitride is also widely used as a detector. They can be used to manufacture high-efficiency detectors like spectral and chemicals sensors.

Gallium Nitride can also be used as a material to make X-ray detectors that are efficient and can be applied in security checks for airports or important buildings. Gallium nitride is also used for environmental monitoring to produce detectors like gas and photochemical sensor, which detect environmental parameters, such air quality, pollutants, and other environmental parameters.

5. Other applications areas

Gallium nitride can be used for many different applications. Gallium nitride is used, for instance, to make microwave and high frequency devices such as high electronic mobility transistors and microwave monolithic Integrated Circuits (MMICs), that are used in fields like radar, communications, and electronic countermeasures. Moreover, gallium nitride It can also be used for the manufacture of high-power lasers and deep ultraviolet optoelectronic instruments.

Applications of Nickel-based Alloy Rod

Nickel alloy rod contains chromium and molybdenum as well as nickel. Nickel-based alloys are more resistant to corrosion and stable at high temperatures than iron-based metals. This makes them popular in many industrial and engineering applications.

Petrochemical Industry

Nickel-based rods are used widely in the petrochemical industries. In petroleum cracking, nickel-based rods are used for reactor manufacturing. They can withstand high pressure and temperature conditions and offer good corrosion resistance. Nickel-based rods can also be used for manufacturing equipment like pipelines and containers during petrochemical processes.

In the petrochemical industries, nickel-based rods are used primarily to manufacture high temperature and high pressure reactors, heat-exchangers, towers. It is essential to select materials with high resistance to corrosion, as well as high temperature stability, when working in environments that have high temperatures, pressures, and corrosive mediums. Nickel-based rods are a material that has excellent properties, and is used to manufacture petrochemical machinery.

Nuclear Industry

The nuclear industry can use nickel-based alloys rods as manufacturing materials. These rods are highly resistant to corrosion and high temperature. The nickel-based rods, with their excellent high-temperature stability and corrosion resistance, can be used as structural materials or shells for nuclear fuel component components.

Nickel-based alloys rods are used primarily in nuclear reactors as materials to manufacture fuel components. These components have to be able work in environments with high temperature, high pressure, and radioactivity. These components must be highly resistant to corrosion and high temperature. These rods are made of nickel-based alloys and have become a preferred material for the manufacture of nuclear fuel elements.

Aerospace field

In aerospace, nickel alloy rods are used primarily for the manufacture of key components in aviation and rocket engine. Nickel-based materials are used in aerospace because of their high-temperature resistance and excellent stability.

Nickel-based alloys rods are used primarily in aviation engines to make turbine discs and blades. They also serve as guide vanes. These components have to be able to withstand high temperatures, pressures and speeds. These components must have high-temperature resistance, corrosion resistance and excellent creep strength. Nickel-based alloys rods possess these properties, and are therefore one of aviation engine manufacture's preferred materials.

Automotive Manufacturing sector

Nickel-based alloys rods can be used in the manufacture of high-performance automobile components. For example, nickel-based rods in the engine block and cylinderhead can increase their corrosion resistance, and improve high-temperature stabilty, improving the overall safety and performance of the vehicle.

Nickel-based rods are used in the automotive industry to make key engine components, such as cylinders, pistons, and motor crankshafts. Materials with high strength and corrosion resistance are needed for these components, which will be working in high-temperature and high-pressure environments. Nickel-based alloys rods possess these properties, and are therefore one of automotive engine manufacturers' preferred materials.

Medical device field

Medical devices can benefit from the biocompatibility of nickel-based alloys and their corrosion resistance. This ensures safety and reliability.

Medical devices is a broad field that includes a variety of medical devices including surgical instruments, implant, diagnostic equipment, rehabilitation materials, etc. Nickel-based rods are the primary raw material used for high-precision, high-quality medical equipment. In surgical instruments, for example, surgical knives and forceps that are made from nickel-based metal rods provide excellent durability and cutting performance. Orthopedic and cardiovascular implants made with nickel-based rods are biocompatible and have excellent mechanical properties. They can treat various orthopedic or cardiovascular diseases.

Other fields

Nickel-based alloys rods can be used for a variety of applications, including construction, power and electronics. Nickel-based rods are used in power transmission and structural support for high-rise building. They can also provide outstanding strength and durability. Nickel-based rods are useful for manufacturing key components in the electronics sector, such as circuit boards and materials to shield electromagnetic fields.


KMPASS is a global supplier and manufacturer of high-quality nanomaterials, chemicals, and other materials. We have over 12 year experience. The company export to many countries, such as USA, Canada, Europe, UAE, South Africa, Tanzania,Kenya,Egypt,Nigeria,Cameroon,Uganda,Turkey,Mexico,Azerbaijan,Belgium,Cyprus,Czech Republic, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Dubai, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia,Germany, France, Italy, Portugal etc. KMPASS, a leading manufacturer of nanotechnology products, dominates the market. Our expert team offers solutions that can help industries improve their efficiency, create value and overcome various challenges. Send an email to if you are interested in Inconel 718 Powder.

What is Lithium stearate powder

Lithium stearate is a crystalline form of lithium.

Lithium stearate has the chemical formula LiSt. It is a white powder that is solid at room temperatures. It is highly lubophilic and forms high light transmission at low concentrations. This compound is very soluble in water, but not at room temperatures. It is soluble readily in organic solvents including acetone and alcohol. Lithium Stearate is stable and thermally safe at high temperatures because it has a melting point and a flash point. The lithium stearate also has good chemical resistance and is resistant to acids and bases, as well as oxidants, reductants and reducing agents. Lithium is less toxic than other metals, but should still be handled with care. An excessive intake of lithium can lead to diarrhoea or vomiting as well as difficulty breathing. Wearing gloves and goggles during operation is recommended because prolonged exposure to lithium can cause eye and skin irritation.

Lithium stearate:

Surfactant: Lithium Stearate Surfactant, lubricant, and other ingredients are used to make personal care products, such as shampoos, soaps, body washes, and cosmetics. It has excellent foaming properties and good hydrolysis stabilty, resulting in a gentle and clean washing experience.

Lithium stearate has an important role to play in polymer syntheses. It can be used both as a donor and a participant in the formation of polymer chains. These polymers have good mechanical and chemical properties, making them ideal for plastics, rubber fibers, etc.

Lithium stearate can be used in cosmetic formulations to soften and moisturize the skin. It enhances moisturization, and makes the skin feel softer and smoother. The antibacterial and antiinflammatory properties of lithium stearate can also help with skin problems.

Paints & Coatings - Lithium stearate can be used to thicken and level paints & coatings. This helps to control the flow, as well as the final properties. It is resistant to weather and scratches, which makes the coating durable.

Applications of lithium stearate include drug carriers, excipients, and stabilizers. It can enhance the taste and solubility and stability of medications.

Lithium stearate has many uses in agriculture, including as a carrier for fertilizer and a plant-protection agent. It increases the efficiency of fertilizers and improves plant disease resistance.

Petrochemical: In the petrochemical sector, lithium stearate may be used as an lubricant or release agent. As a catalyst in petroleum cracking, lithium stearate improves cracking yield and efficiency.

Lithium stearate production method :

Chemical Synthesis:

Lithium stearate can be synthesized through a series a chemical reactions. In order to get the lithium metal reacting with the stearate, they are heated together in an organic solvant. After washing and separating the lithium stearate, it is dried.

Following are the steps for synthesis.

(1) Lithium metal and stearate in organic solvents, such as ethanol heated stirring to fully react.

(2) The reaction solution must be cooled in order to precipitate lithium stearate.

(3) Wash the crystal with water and remove any lithium stearate particles.

(4) The dried crystals will be used to make lithium stearate.

Chemical synthesis is characterized by a matured process, high efficiency in production and high purity of the product. However, organic solvents have an environmental impact and waste is generated during production.

Methode de fermentation biologique

In biological fermentation, microorganisms such as yeast are used in the medium to produce lithium. This method works on the principle that microorganisms produce stearic and react with metal ions, such as lithium ions, to create lithium stearate.

These are the steps that you will need to take in order to produce your product.

(1) The microorganisms will be inoculated onto the medium containing precursors for fermentation culture.

(2) The filtrate is used to produce a solution of stearic acetic acid.

Add metals (such as the lithium ions) into the solution with stearic to ensure that they fully react.

The reaction solution will be separated, washed, and dried.

Environmental protection, less waste disposal, longer production cycles, and higher production conditions are all advantages of biological fermenta-tion.

Prospect Market of Lithium Stearate:

The application of lithium in personal care will continue to be important. As a lubricant and surfactant, it is an essential ingredient in many products, including soaps. As people's standards of living improve and the cosmetics sector continues to expand, lithium stearate demand will gradually rise.

Second, the use of lithium stearate for polymer synthesis has also increased. It can be used both as a donor and a participant in polymer chain formation. As polymer materials science continues to develop, the demand of lithium stearate increases.

Lithium stearate's application in agricultural, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and other fields is also growing. In the pharmaceutical sector, lithium stearate may be used as a carrier, excipient or drug stabilizer. In the agricultural field, lithium stearate is used to transport fertilizer and as a plant protector. In the field of petrochemicals, lithium isostearate may be used as an lubricant or release agent. In these areas, the demand for lithium will increase as technology advances.

But the outlook of the lithium stearate market is not without its own challenges. In order to produce lithium metal, it is necessary to use a more expensive production process. Aside from that, the applications of lithium is limited, with a concentration in agriculture, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals and personal care products. To expand the scope of application and the demand for lithium stearate, it is important to continue to develop new applications and markets.

Lithium stearate powder price :

Many factors influence the price, such as the economic activity, the sentiment of the market and the unexpected event.

You can contact us for a quotation if you're looking for the most recent lithium stearate price.

Lithium stearate powder Supplier :

Technology Co. Ltd. has been a leading global supplier of chemical materials for over 12 years.

The chemical and nanomaterials include silicon powders, nitride particles, graphite particles, zinc sulfide particles, boron grains, 3D printing materials, etc.

Contact us today to receive a quote for our high-quality Lithium Stearate Powder.

Metal Alloy 8.92g/Cm3 High Purity Polished Copper Plate

Copper products exhibit good electrical conductivity as well as thermal conductivity. They are also ductile, resistant to corrosion, and have a high wear resistance. They are widely used by the energy, petrochemical, electricity and electronics industries.

Metal Alloy High Purity Copper Plate, 8.92g/cm3
Brush, hairline, mirrors, oiled, mill, bright.


Interior decoration: ceilings, walls, furniture, cabinets, and elevator decoraction.

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Metal alloy 8.92g/cm3 high purity polished copper plate properties

Alternative Names Copper Plate
CAS Number N/A
Compound Formula It is a good idea to use
Molecular Mass N/A
Appearance N/A
Melting Point N/A
Solubility N/A
Density 8.92g/cm3
Purity 99.95%, 99.99%, 99.995%
Size Customized
Bolding Point N/A
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young's Module N/A
Exact Count N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Health & Safety Information for Metal Alloy 8.92g/cm3 High Purity Polised Copper Plate

Safety Advisory N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Flashing point N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Declarations N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

High Purity Nano Hafnium Hf powder CAS 7440-58-6, 99%

Hafnium Powder is a metal made from hafnium. The most common method to prepare hafnium from sponge hafnium involves hydrogenation and deshydrogenation. Purity>99%
Particle Size : 5-10 Micron

Hafnium Nanopowder:
Hafnium Hafnium on the periodic table : Group 4, Atomic Number d-block 178.486.
Hafnium consists of a malleable, shiny metal. It's resistant to corrosion due to the tough, impenetrable film of oxide that forms on its surface. Hafnium metallicis resistant to acids and bases except hydrofluoric. Hafnium element can be difficult to separate because they have the same atomic sizes.
Hafnium Powder is a dry, light gray metallic powder. The dry powder reacts when it comes into contact with water, producing hydrogen. This is a flammable liquid. The reaction could produce enough heat for hydrogen to ignite.

Hafnium can be found in all zirconium minerals. It is a ductile, brightly glistening metal. It is extremely strong and resistant to corrosion. Zirconium, hafnium, and their chemical properties are almost identical. (Hafnium being twice as dense than zirconium however). It is therefore difficult to distinguish between the two. Hafnium's properties is affected by zirconium.

Hafnium For Sale:
We are an Nano Hafnium HF Powder supplier. Please feel free to contact us at any time for the latest Hafnium Price.

Appearance of hafnium and its description:
It is also known by the name crystalline hafnium. This is a silvery metal crystal that has a metallic shine.
hafnium powder MF: Hf
hafnium powder Molecular weight: 178.49
hafnium powder Density: 13.31 g/cm3
Melting point of hafnium: around 2227
Hafnium powder Boiling points: about 4602

Product characteristics of hafnium:
It is highly anti-corrosive, resistant to acid and alkali erosion, soluble with hydrofluoric to form fluoride complex. Hafnium at high temperature can be combined with oxygen and nitrogen to form nitride. Hafnium powder is easily burned.

How are Nano Hafnium Powder manufactured?
The invention relates a superfine, high purity hafnium and a method for preparing it.
Preparation includes the following:
1..The hafnium dioxide powder and reducing agents powder in a molar ration of 1:1 to 1:2 were mixed evenly, and then packed into a crucible.
2. The crucible should be placed in the reaction vessel, covered and vacuumed, and then filled with argon to wash, heat and reduce, followed by constant temperature reduction.
3. After vacuum, argon is added for cooling under the protection provided by argon.
4 washing: first, pickle the product and then wash it with deionized hydo water. Then, screen, dry, and you will have ultra-fine, high purity hafnium.

Nano Hafnium Use:
Hafnium powder can be used to produce hafnium-alloy materials such as hafnium material for sputtering. It has high heat absorption properties and is exothermic (1 times faster that zirconium, titanium and other alloys), and it can be made in structural materials for jet engines and rockets.

The hafnium refractory is useful for turbojet aircraft blades in freezing point pressure jet engine. Hafnium powder is also used to manufacture valves, high-temperature components and nozzles.

Hafnium rods are used for the majority of nuclear reactor control rods.
Hafnium alloys are used to manufacture iron, tantalum (niobium), and titanium. C103 alloy is used for liquid rocket thruster nodes, like the main engine in the Apollo lunar module. C103 contains 89 per cent niobium and 10 per cent hafnium.

Hafnium, because of its high heat resistance and affinity with oxygen and nitrogen is an excellent scavenger for oxygen and nitrogen. It can be used in both incandescent lights and inflatable lamps. Hafnium, which can release electrons in the air, is also used for plasma cutting.

Storage condition of Hafnium Hf powder:
Hafnium Hf Powder cannot be exposed to the air. The powder should be packed in a vacuum and kept in a dry and cool room. Hf Powder should also not be exposed to stress.

Packaging hafnium:
1) High strength wooden case : bags with double-layer plastic seals, pressurized. 50 kg/wooden cas.
2) If the customer has special packaging requirements we can package the goods accordingly.

Technology Co. Ltd., () is an established global chemical material manufacturer and supplier with over 12 years' experience in the production of high-quality nanomaterials. These include boride powders, nitride particles, graphite particles, sulfide particles, 3D-printing powders, etc.
You can contact us by sending an email. (

Nano Hafnium Hf Powder Properties

Alternative Names hf, hafnium, hafnium, powder price
hafnium powder supplier, hafnium powder msds.
CAS Number 7440-58-6
Compound Formula Hf
Molecular Mass 178.49
Appearance white fine powder
Melting Point 2227
Solubility N/A
Density 13.31 g/cm3
Purity >99%
Particle Size 5-10 Micron
Bolding Point 4602
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young’s Module N/A
Exact Mass N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Nano Hafnium HF Powder Health & Safety Information

Safety Advisory N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Flashing point N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Declarations N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

Metal Alloy 18g/cm3 High Density Tungsten Alloy Ball

W-Ni - Cu alloy is used in the production of Tungsten alloy balls. It is widely utilized in the fields of aviation, oil drilling, and aerospace.

High Density Tungsten Alloy Metal Ball, 18g/cm3
Diameter: 1.0mm-150.0mm
Surface: sintered or forged

Electrical instrumentation and industrial purposes are also widely used.

We have a wide range of tungsten balls in different sizes and grades. Contact us for any of your needs.

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Metal Alloy Tungsten Alloy Balls 18g/cm3 High-Density Properties

Alternative Names Tungsten Alloy Ball
CAS Number N/A
Compound Formula W-Ni-Cu
Molecular Mass N/A
Appearance N/A
Melting Point N/A
Solubility N/A
Density 18g/cm3
Purity N/A
Size You can customize the look of your website by using
Bold point N/A
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young Modulus N/A
Exact Mass N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Metal Alloy Tungsten Alloy High Density Ball Health & Safety information

Safety Advisory N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Flashing point N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Declarations N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate

Tungsten alloy heavy plate has low thermal expansion. It is also known for its high density, high thermal conductivity, and radiation absorption. It is used widely in the aerospace and medical industries.

About Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate:
Powder metallurgy produces compact ingots from high purity tungsten. After powder metallurgy, a series further deformations are made and heat treatments are applied until the final products have been produced.

Low thermal expansion and high density, with high thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity. Perfect performance in environments of high radiation exposure.

Used for the manufacture of lathes and dices in the aerospace, medical, and military industries.

We have a wide range of sizes and grades in tungsten-alloy plates. Contact us for any of your needs.

Payment & Transport:

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate Properties

Alternative Names Tungsten Alloy Plate
CAS Number N/A
Compound Formula N/A
Molecular Mass N/A
Appearance N/A
Melting Point N/A
Solubility N/A
Density 18.5g/cm3
Purity 99.95%
Size Avail yourself of our customized services
Bold point N/A
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young's Module N/A
Exact Mass N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate Health & Safety Information

Safety Advisory N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Flashing point N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Declarations N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

Metal Alloy 8.92g/Cm3 High Purity Polished Copper Plate

High Purity Nano Hafnium Hf powder CAS 7440-58-6, 99%

Metal Alloy 18g/cm3 High Density Tungsten Alloy Ball

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate

High Purity Molybdenum Boride MoB2 Powder CAS 12006-99-4, 99%

Metal Alloy High Density Tungsten Alloy Rod Grind Surface Tungsten Alloy Bar

High Purity Germanium Sulfide GeS2 Powder CAS 12025-34-2, 99.99%

High Purity Chromium Diboride CrB2 Powder CAS 12007-16-8, 99%

High Purity Titanium Sulfide TiS2 Powder CAS 2039-13-3, 99.99%

High Purity Calcium Nitride Ca3N2 Powder CAS 12013-82-0, 99.5%

High Purity Nano Ag Silver powder cas 7440-22-4, 99%

High Purity Tungsten Silicide WSi2 Powder CAS 12039-88-2, 99%

High Purity 3D Printing Powder 15-5 Stainless Steel Powder

High Purity Zirconium Nitride ZrN Powder CAS 25658-42-8, 99.5%

Supply Magnesium Granules Mg Granules 99.95%

High Purity Colloidal Silver Nano Silver Solution CAS 7440-22-4

High Purity Silicon Sulfide SiS2 Powder CAS 13759-10-9, 99.99%

High Purity 3D Printing 304 Stainless Steel Powder

Chromium Sulfide Cr2S3 Powder CAS 12018-22-3, 99.99%

High Purity Tungsten Boride WB2 Powder CAS 12007-09-9, 99%

Newsdesignerstudiostore is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years experience in providing super high quality chemicals and Nano materials such as graphite powder, boron powder , zinc sulfide , nitride powder, Calcium nitride, Ca3N2, 3D printing powder, and so on.

And our innovative, high-performance materials are widely used in all aspects of daily life, including but not limited to the automotive, electrical, electronics, information technology, petrochemical, oil, ceramics, paint, metallurgy, solar energy, and catalysis. Our main product list as following:

Metal and alloy powder: boron, nickel, silicon, copper, iron, aluminum. chrome, silver

Boride powder: magnesium boride, aluminum boride, boron nitride, boron carbide, hafnium boride;

Sulfide powder: Molybdenum sulfide, zinc sulfide, bismuth sulfide;

Oxide powder: ITO, ATO, iron oxide, titanium oxide, manganese oxide, copper oxide;about.jpg

Carbide powder: titanium carbide, manganese carbide, titanium carbonitride, hafnium carbide;

Nitride powder: Aluminum nitride, hafnium nitride, magnesium nitride, vanadium nitride;

Silicide powder: hafnium silicide, molybdenum silicide, tantalum silicide;

Hydride powder: Hafnium hydride, vanadium hydride, titanium hydride, zirconium hydride.etc.

Have any questions or needs, please feel free to contact Newsdesignerstudiostore.